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Important Updates

Support for Students and Schools Impacted by Coronavirus
In response to school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we’re providing free, live AP online classes and review lessons. We’ll also offer at-home testing for 2020 AP Exams. Note that any related adjustments to 2020 AP Exams, such as length or content covered, may not be reflected on all AP Central pages. Visit Taking the Exams for the latest exam information.

AP European History Updates and New Resources for 2019-20
To help more students prepare for—and succeed on—the AP European History Exam, we've clarified the course’s focus starting with the 2019-20 school year and are introducing new resources for your classroom. We've also moved exam registration to the fall, a best practice that improves students’ chances of earning college credit and placement.

Download the new course and exam description (CED) and the errata sheet.

New AP Resources
AP Classroom is now available. Designed with AP educators, it helps you provide students daily practice and personalized feedback throughout the year. Sign in to access AP unit guides with aligned resources, topic questions, personal progress checks, the progress dashboard, and your question bank.

Sign In to AP Classroom

Course Overview

AP European History is an introductory college-level European history course. Students cultivate their understanding of European history through analyzing historical sources and learning to make connections and craft historical arguments as they explore concepts like interaction of Europe and the world; economic and commercial developments; cultural and intellectual developments; states and other institutions of power; social organization and development; national and European identity; and technological and scientific innovation.

Course Content

Influenced by the Understanding by Design® (Wiggins and McTighe) model, this course framework provides a description of the course requirements necessary for student success.

The AP European History framework is organized into nine commonly taught units of study that provide one possible sequence for the course. As always, you have the flexibility to organize the course content as you like.

 Unit  Exam Weighting
 Unit 1: Renaissance and Exploration  10%–15%
 Unit 2: Age of Reformation  10%–15%
 Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism  10%–15%
 Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments  10%–15%
 Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century  10%–15%
 Unit 6: Industrialization and Its Effects  10%–15%
 Unit 7: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments  10%–15%
 Unit 8: 20th-Century Global Conflicts  10%–15%
 Unit 9: Cold War and Contemporary Europe  10%–15%


Historical Thinking Skills

The updated AP European History framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like historians.

 Skill  Description
 1. Developments and Processes  Identify and explain historical developments and processes.
 2. Sourcing and Situation  Analyze sourcing and situation of primary and secondary sources.
 3. Claims and Evidence in Sources  Analyze arguments in primary and secondary sources.
 4. Contextualization  Analyze the context of historical events, developments, or processes.
 5. Making Connections  Using historical reasoning processes (comparison, causation, continuity and change) analyze patterns and connections between and among historical developments and processes.
 6. Argumentation  Develop an argument.


AP and Higher Education

Higher education professionals play a key role developing AP courses and exams, setting credit and placement policies, and scoring student work. The AP Higher Education site features information on recruitment and admission, advising and placement, and more.

This chart shows recommended scores for granting credit, and how much credit should be awarded, for each AP course. Your students can look up credit and placement policies for colleges and universities on the AP Credit Policy Search.

Meet the Development Committee for AP European History.